Making yourself familuar with the words associated mostly in describing the work or invention classification and field so others can duplicate yours based upon many examples of invention products that have been patented and accepted as a useful product, is a must to identify and learn.
The below text is a review of the classification search and the words used to describe the workings and inventive subject matter of our example project invention that will develop from the project ManMotor.
The final paragraph Field of the Invention is a result of reducing the class and subclass information of possibilities of the ManMotor product anticipated into a simple understanding written text.
The intermittent movement along a path, first in one direction and then in the opposite along such path.
Alternating motion of less than 360 degrees along an arcuate path.
Alternating motion along a straight-line path.
The turning of a rigid body about an internal axis such that a point on the body travels through an arcuate path, about the axis, having an extent of 360 degrees or more.
Searching for classification for your invention is really helpful and once you really get a good grasp on what you actually have within the subject matter of your invention, there is a class for everything imaginable. For instance I started out browsing throught the USPTO database and searching for patents with key words like kinetic, flywheel, human, energy and so on. Several hundred patents were reviewed and the ones that had some of the same operations contained some of the same class numbers and for instance Class 74 Machine Element or Mechanism . This takes quite a while but is really necessary to read through "all" the relevant classes that contain the subject matter disclosed within the specification of your patent application. As an independent inventor real life and trying to make it through and do a little extra like invent something has to be taken in daily stride and cannot be forced. The time I had after my daily mechanic work and tractor work, the normal every day keeping things going, unexpected breakdowns of even the smallest of things all have taken their toll on the time we as independent inventors have to spare. I have performed around five hours a day in research reading existing patents and classifications for a little over a week and most likely have around fifty hours into the preliminary search and it really is alot of information to digest, so when your in this phase of the provisional patent draft which is the classification and the field of the invention expect to spend quite a bit of time on this phase.
PRELIMINARY CLASS RESEARCH : 74 MACHINE ELEMENT OR MECHANISM
Class Definition for Class 74 - MACHINE ELEMENT OR MECHANISM
Mechanical combinations, contrivances, or devices constituting portions of
machines, instruments and apparatus and consisting of two or more fixed and
movable parts so combined that the motion of one compels a completely controlled
or constrained motion of the other according to a law of operation inherent in
and depending on the nature of the combination, and also the elemental parts of
such machines not provided for in other machine element classes.
LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS
This class is intended as a generic class for mechanism and machine parts not
otherwise classified. Other machine element classes sub generic hereto are Class
384, Bearings; Class 464, Rotary Shafts, Gudgeons, Housings, and Flexible
Couplings for Rotary Shafts.
This class does not include machines and instruments or apparatus claimed as
such, for which see the appropriate art classes. It does not include the special
tools, instruments, and sub-combinations peculiar to the special arts and
provided for in the classification of the art classes.
5.95 - Flywheel structure:
This subclass is indented under subclass 5. Subject matter including a motion-smoothing component generally made up of a massive disk-like member.
SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:
572.2, for motion smoothing flywheel.
142 - Rotary driven element:
This subclass is indented under subclass 141.5. Mechanisms in which the intermittently driven member revolves around a relatively fixed axis. 433.5 - With flywheel: This subclass is indented under subclass 431. Subject matter including a motion-smoothing component generally made up of a massive disk-like member. 434 - Rotary bodies:This subclass is indented under subclass 640. Gearing comprising structure and details of rotary bodies, per se, constituting gearing elements.
449 - Sheet metal:This subclass is indented under subclass 439. Bodies, fabricated wholly or in part of sheet metal.
572.1 - Power generating-type flywheel: Subject matter under subclass entitled ELEMENTS comprising a mass used in a system to produce mechanical or electrical energy. (1) Note. Where additional characteristics are claimed which limit the wheel or other rotor to particular arts, e.g., gears, vehicle wheels, centrifugal separators, turbines, dynamos, etc., the patent will be placed with the appropriate art and cross referenced here, but the mere designation of the device by name will not exclude the same from this subclass or the indented subclasses.
SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:5,for gyroscopes.
SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:
123, Internal-Combustion Engines, subclass 179.22 for mechanical starting devices.
310, Electrical Generator or Motor Structure, subclass 74 for rotary dynamo-electric devices having a flywheels, and subclass 153 for magnetos built into a flywheel.
322, Electricity: Single Generator Systems, subclass 4 for generator systems where the generator is provided with flywheels or massive moving parts.
This subclass is indented under subclass 572.1. Subject matter for a power generating flywheel subcombination highlighting a specific feature of the mass, such as chemical, electrical, or mechanical make-up, etc
572.2 - Flywheel, motion smoothing-type:
Subject matter under subclass entitled ELEMENTS comprising a mass used to modulate or control the inertia or momentum of a mechanical system.
(1) Note. Where additional characteristics are claimed which limit the wheel or other rotor to particular arts, e.g., gears, vehicle wheels, centrifugal separators, turbines, dynamos, etc., the patent will be placed with the appropriate art and cross referenced here, but the mere designation of the device by name will not exclude the same from this subclass or the indented subclasses.
SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:
5.95 ,for flywheels in gyroscopes.
433.5,for flywheel and gear combination.
SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:
29, Metal Working, subclass 894 for wheel making.
73, Measuring and Testing, subclass 66 for rotor unbalance.
It seems we can now sumarize that the most significant form of inventive subject matter within the present invention is the wheel below as seen in Fig. 2 . Now that we have some idea what that wheel below is comprised of and a firm awareness as to just where it fits in the order of the inventive subject matter, it somewhat serves as the root foundation for searching the present state of the art within which the inventive subject matter makes up within the invention and it is necessary to have for writing text when drafting the Field of the Invention .
FIELD OF THE INVENTION :
We need to once more take our invention back down to the basics, we really haven't got any of the claims dealt with, and even though the claims are really the first step in writing the provisional draft, it is difficult to comprehend completely and without doubt the subject matter patentable within the invention, and therefore without the inventor really searching the classes that the subject matter falls into and field of the invention thouroughly, he or she will realize how important this searching becomes when the claims become difficult to enforce, after the patent is issued and the added expences in legal fees are increased simply due to the lack of effort to precisely define the invention and understand the terminology within the field and subject matter, of his or her invention. Do not proceed with the invention process unless you completely understand the terminology used within the class definitions that you have found to be directly or indirectly related to any of the forms of subject matter found within the three dimensional space that your tangible product invention falls into.
In our first draft of the Field of the Invention after all subject matter is written upon that has been refined subsequent your searching of the classes for your invention and documenting those, we will draft a compound sentence and include the classification numbers in the first part and including in part the text found within the sub class definition.
16 POWER TABLES AND STANDS:
This subclass is indented under the class definition. Portable assemblies designed to drive one or more auxiliary attachments.
1. Field of the Invention The present invention generally relates to human powered power tables, (74/16). and, more particularly, is concerned with a power table that transforms human weight and motion (185/15) into useable electrical energy for providing electrical energy to the people that need it.