Your idea of making a product or device for you to use, and after writing in your notebook of the inventor, needs to be researched at a preliminary level. Go to stores and websites to find out if someone is offering something for sale that is like what you have in mind to build and, at minimum, research the artwork in the field your invention idea will fall into.
In our example invention of the ManMotor project we need to first look at what the intended best method of usage will be, as anticipated when the product operates from the design workings. The best method to operate the ManMotor is by human input energy, so the field would be considered as a human or animal powered motor producing hydrogen and electricity. The difference between a motor and an engine is that an engine is considered internal combustion and a motor is electrically, hydraulically or pneumatically driven or propelled. The ManMotor is intended to be human or animal powered.
Now I need to do searches for other products that produce hydrogen gas and electricity, as well as find several versions of these products out on the market available to purchase, which also use a human or animal to power the generators. After looking online and in the stores for available products in the field of my invention, I need to search the USPTO patent database site to find if someone else has patented a product in that field of invention that my anticipated invention falls within; and with luck, I will hopefully find patents issued in the field of my idea. If any prior art that I had reviewed and was available in stores had a patent pending or a patent number, I need to write those down and then type in the number on the USPTO.gov website and search for the patents. It is very important to read the existing patent paperwork for several reasons. First off, you will read words that, when compared to other available patents to read, that are in the field of your invention, will give you a vocabulary of words to write in your provisional patent draft, to better describe the workings written within the specification of your provisional patent.
While researching the products available that perform a task similar to what your anticipated invention is to perform, you need to gather information and write it in your project notebook.
0) Your project notebook contains your name, the date and your signature.
1) You need to name the project and name the invention.
2) Assign a tracking number to the project.
3) Write down a paragraph of your reasons for coming up with the idea for the project.
4) Write down a paragraph of things you anticipate your invention to accomplish.
5) Write down a goal for the outcome and project 20 years into the future.
6) Write down what you as the inventor want to get from the product of the invention.
7) Write down the product features of any prior art searched.
8) Write down the lowest price of prior art available today and product features.
9) Write down the highest price of prior art available today and product features.
At this point I would like to describe how I define product features, product features are what you are after in a patent application. After all the patent application is a specific recipe to reproduce the entire invention product and the claims are based on what the inventor calculates as the way to achieve the product feature claims. So the step now is to digest the highest price product available to the public for purchasing and the features the product contains and is offering. You surely want to find prior art because if you are at the point that you discovered an entirely new product from your idea that has not been made or has no prior art to review I say you are way more ahead of the game than this text can assist. The point is that entirely new products are extremely advanced when it comes to inventing. This site has several pages written on art that has not been made or discovered however the example is to create a patentable product that is not in the mainstream as an art form. Look for infomation regarding LENR to find a more advanced product that current technology or physical descriptions does not support. It is extremely difficult for an independent inventor to enter into this newly discovered art and most likely nothing more than verbal masterbation will result in the project. The key is to improve on the art forms that already exist and are proven to work stifactorly as a product.
The feature claims for our chosen product to example, the Man Motor project are written below as examples of prior art research and product feature claims. Important to understand is that a product of manufacture like a power generator has many patents and pending applications to review. Many companies manufacture and hold patents for their products they manufacture and the point is the way the product features dictate the claims in the patent application and that the patent application claims support the mechanical or electronic ways the design produces the features named in the product of the invention. So the patent for your invention states in the patent claims the exact recipe of the workings of the invention to produce a feature claim of the invention.
The Man Motor project will yield a product that is powered by a human being producing hydrogen gas and electical energy for use. Also the product resulting from work on the project will have means of delivering the hydrogen gas and electricity to the consumer or 'end user'. There is very little prior art out there to purchase in the form described. This form is human powered by movement of the human from side to side and allows the weight of the human to be magnified or 'apmlified' by 3 times. Several feature claims for the resulting product from our project Man Motor could be; 1) Generates 4 cubic feet of hydrogen gas per minute with little effort, 2) Generates 10kw @ 120Vac by easy movement of a human being, 3) Can store electrical energy for usage in a common household, 4) In just 30 minutes of moderate energy exertion of the human being powering the product of Man Motor, electricity can be generated and operate a large household for a 24 hour period of time, 5) Solid oak treddles and padded arm levers for comfort, 6) Cup holder and food cooling system allows for food to be stored and accessed easily, 7) Electronic monitoring system recording callories used by the human and product output of hydrogen gas and electricity while comparing the input versus the output in a real time setting.
The product does not need to be designed or built at this time to review feature claims from prior art and or available art to purchase. For example the most expensive art avaialble costs 5 thousand dollars and has feature claims also. The feature claims on that product costing 5k USD state 7.5k electrical output @120 Vac and human powered allowing storage of electricity for 8 hours. So without needing to go into the design phase or having the product we can easily state features our product must claim and we know for sure are more attractive for the end user to purchase than the prior art available for 5k. If the price is targeted for that most expensive available to purchase prior art your product will sell for sure if it does more or has more product features than the other available art forms. So product features come now at this time after the search and review of other products available to the general public that accomplish the same end result as your designed product. End users want more features for less cost or at least the same cost than the previous products available performing the same task. The inventor now knows for sure what the market will bear for the type of product anticipated. Feature claims set presidence for product design and subject matter of our anticipated product. Subject matter in our case is the device that takes human weight and amplifies it three times (giving 3 time the potential in product output). The devices that take that weight moving from side to side and translating it into a rotational weight force further amplifying the potential output of the product. The device that generates the electrical energy, the hydrogen gas, the storage of hydrogen and the storage of the electricity produced. Also the need to calculate and record accurately the efficiency factor between calories and consumeable product output. So each one of those items that will make up the product is called subject matter and we will go on to explain the differences between subject matter and inventive subject matter that the product will be comprised of.
Just to note that if the highest price available art was 5 thousand dollars at a retail level the wholesale value from the manufacturer to the retailer will be around $2,750, if the retailer does not make a fair amount of money sales will be prohibited. At the 2,750 marker we expect moderate sales, you must not spend more than 1/3rd of the 2,750 USD or about $916 total for parts, labor to build, painting, packaging, lableing of the product when manufacturing the product or there will be no profits that keep the manufacturing going. So the design of the product now begins to take on parameters that limit size and steps to go through in production.