1) weight of a wheel, the larger diameter a wheel is the amplification of the moving weight develops more horsepower at a specific speed. An inertia is simply a resistance to rotation, the more effort or pressure needed to stop the wheel the more inertia the wheel is said to have. The larger the wheel diameter the harder it is to start rotating.
a. by making the wheel out of strips of metal is more efficient and knowing that the metal is purchased the least expensive in sheets that are 4' x 8'. The wheel design that is a composite of metal strips has advantages over larger solid wheels.
I needed a wheel that could be rotated and develop momentum. I also needed a wheel that could be rotated by a human being as to amplify the potential of the human weight factor. The wheel needed to house several components that would allow the production of electrical sparks. Wheels have been built for centuries providing a means to translate force into work and they are not complicated at all. So how do you get a US patent claim allowed for a common wheel? You make it uncommon and non obvious. A wheel for usage on an automobile or vehicle of some type does not have features that would allow the production of electricity or hydrogen and oxygen gas. We need our own connections and apparatus to achieve our feature claims for our product intended from the project Manmotor.
2) We needed methods to increase and decrease the wheel revolutions per minute.
b. Options of magnets, belts, fluid were choices to make but the one thing for sure is the noise these items make when in operation. Belts are very quiet and flexible, magnets require no physical contact but fluid is noisy. The industrial belt using pulleys or sheaves that can become variable in diameter sound like the most logical and inexpensive way to go for this example invention.
3) A framework is needed to support the weight of the wheels and power transmission elements.
c. The least amount of pieces, the least amount of work effort, pieces that can be shipped less expensively than any other framework are needed. Cut costs by making framework straight forward and simple. The more simple the supporting framework is to assemble the easier it is for the delivery person to set up the equipment.
We are at the point in the project where each piece becomes important to draw. One item that keeps coming up in the invention process is the awareness that it takes years of experience to finally achieve the abilities to make an invention come to light and manufactured within one year from the starting date of the project. We are at that point here now with the step of need to know. If you do not have the ability to accurately machine parts for building your invention you will need to go find someone with a mill and lathe and other equipment that may be required to manufacture your prototype of your own invention idea. With my experience I can for sure tell you that parts cut with a water jet are really a good value. When you have any type of metal sheets that need cut into a specific shape the water jet is my preference for cost and finish. I try to design my products in a way that just a standard machine shop operation is fine for production.
The more precise your product invention needs to be, the more machining costs are added up. The inventing process we are doing and explaining in this text is a process of paperwork to achieve a United States Patent for a product invention. Without a US Patent on your product invention the work you perform must be out of love, because that's the only return your going to get, the labor of love. If that's what your goal is then so be it there will be another book following this referring to inventing by the seat of your pants and what to expect if your invention works good.
I cannot give the reader the knowledge and understanding developed over the past 33 years of inventing and designing farming and construction equipment that I have aquired, however the equipment needed to develop an invention is one step only, one needs to understand at a basic level of what to use to save costs when developing an invention.
To be straight up and candid to the reader most all inventions cost to much to prototype properly by the independent inventor like yourself the reader. An independent inventor must rely on his or her paperwork and the ability to communicate comfortably and simply to the point to achive the backing or funding to continue to the next phase of the inventing process which will be to build and develop the invention.
An independent inventor will work in a trade to achieve an understanding of what is needed to perform tasks associated with the development of an idea into an invention product. Each step that the inventor himself or herself cannot perform will inhibit sucess of the inventor to achieve his or her goals. This is precisely why the development of the idea at this stage in the inventing process has to do with creative thought considering variables and documenting each thought on paper. Your idea has to be written on extensively producing a path from working at the invention leading to furhter development. A complete package of professionalism from the inventor will net an agreement and success for his or her own invention project.
A milling machine works well with flat things, making holes in metal and so on, a lathe machine works well with round things, making shafts, rods and so on. A plasma arc with table, a laser jet with table, a water jet with table all are quick and inexpensive ways to produce cut metal parts precisely. The situation is that we are trying to not throw our money out in the scrap bin. Most machine shops with a water jet are a specialty item, the machine itself starts out at around 40K USD and you need alot of production work to justify the initial cost of purchasing one. A general machine shop usually has a plasma with a table which will esentially do the same work but not as fast or as cool. When cutting parts heat is a problem, pieces deform sometimes and then it's scrap metal time. When designing your parts and pieces to your invention try to design them aroun a .010" tolerance. To design in .005" takes better equipment and a more trained machinest which equals a substantial increase in making the part. For example a .003" is around and about the same diameter as a human hair in a private area. Those are the thickest ones, in a shop that's one of the first things a new machinest will want to check out, the micrometer and how to measure a human hair. The micrometer takes a very light touch to operate accurately.
So here we are slicing hairs in three equal diameters at .001" and to give you an example NASA works machinests I here can work in the .0001" or better. But try paying NASA to build your invention, there stuff costs billions to make so lets just call it good in the .010" range. That's the range I like to be in and the machinest will help you out happily. When looking for machine shops have a drawing with specifications and not some widget hand drawn on a napkin. Ask them what they feel is the best they can do dimensionally relating to tolerance issues that will come up.
The item to keep in mind now is what is your inventive subject matter and what artform does it follow? Research the USPTO site for classification of the inventive subject matter you are drawing up and review the fields in the classification pages. In our exampled invention of the Manmotor project we need to draw the anticipated art of the inventive subject matter as well anticpate exact dimensions to end up with. In the case of wheel 1 we will want the largest wheel we can come up with for the least possible costs in manufacturing. That is a key issue to design from and one factor to enhance sucess for the product. Claims are written on those non obvious methods to produce a product for less cost than a previously available product doing the same thing as yours will do.
In Reference to FIG. 2 is shown an embodiment of the wheel that includes inventive subject matter, and in specific 14. a component element. The wheel of FIG. 2 appears as a complete wheel made up of eight elemental components. Now referring to the drawing of FIG. 12 and pointing out I am describing these figures in the same text as I am sending in the Provisional Patent draft 1 to file via express mailing to the USPTO (United States Patent and Trademark Office).
Now referring to FIG.12 is a fragementary assembled side elevational view of a cylinder block arrangement viewed in FIG.2.
The wheel of FIG.2 is a composite wheel comprising 4 cylinder block arrangements of FIG.12 and these cylinder blocks got their name from the cylinders of 112. & 113. which are intended to hold liquid. Spoke 110. is cut from a flat sheet of Stainless Steel by a water jet. A hub 111. and 109. allow 2 spokes and two cylinders to be threadably attached together as one cylinder block arrangement as 114. end caps rigidly affix the flat metal spokes outer ends for stability and mounting the oil pumps 115.
This type of introduction for needing to know is that one cylinder block moveably containing 2 cylinders holding liquid and oil pumps can work as a stand alone assembly rotatably mounted upon a framework. So the claims in the patent will narrow down to these individual component elements of one cascaded piece of inventive subject matter. This artform of a wheel becomes inventive subject matter simply because it is non obvious to one skilled in the art of making wheels. That skilled person viewing the wheel of FIG.2 couldn't figure out by looking at the composite wheel embodiments how to make the wheel function as the inventor intended it to. To produce the feature claims made early on in this invention process inventive subject matter had to be thought up and drawn individually. Therefore the wheel of 1 of FIG.1 and the embodiment of FIG. 2 are the same identical wheel configuration. The wheel configuration in both figures are comprised of four cylinder block arrangements, and that each block arrangement is substantially identical and one can be viewed in FIG(s). 12 & 13. FIG.13 is a fragmentary assembled side and open face elevational view of the cylinder block arrangement of FIG.12 and also an open front face elevational view of the twin sheave variable diameter pully apparatus of FIG.4 and in the starting position of the invention.
The reason I am needing to know a starting position for the invention and it's elements is because I know as the inventor that a wheel only gains momentum as it is rotated faster. The faster you rotate a wheel at one point it will fly apart, a larger wheel will fly apart at a specific revolution per minute and a smaller flywheel that is lighter will rotate faster before it flies apart. A large wheel like we need for inertia and is viewed in FIG.12 is heavy (around 200lbs.) and is more difficult to begin to rotate than a lighter flywheel. This wheel needs to start rotating at the least possible effort from the power source and this power source for the invention will be human powered. We have done our preliminary question and answer session and contemplated as to how we can have a heavy wheel, start it easy with moderate human effort, gain inertia and generate useable electrical energy. How we need to do that is through a transmission system. Since we will claim inventive subject matter and specific dimensional porportions as an assembled invention it is important to illustrate where the invention element positions begin, and explaining just how those mechanisms exchange human input power, and transition wheel 2 speeds (RPM) based from a calculated wheel speed needed to produce a useful product. Therefore in FIG.1 of the embodiments of the invention and FIG.14 showing the same invention but in it's anticipated optimum running positions regarding controlling wheel speeds.
In the last chapter we had read that AC electricity could not be stored but had to be used at it was produced, and that DC electricity could be stored and used later on after the generator had been turned off. What we need to know now are more dtailed facts regarding the collection of electrons as conventionally understood in acceptable electrical mechanics.
It takes one horsepower ot generate approximately 746 Watts, at 120Vac (Volts AC) and divide that into 746 to get amps (6.22A) and now do the same math for the 12Vdc (Volts DC) and find there is quite a bit of difference in the current (I or Amps) which is 62.2A. Also the AC electricity is rated at 60Hz which is a frequency of magnetic induction within an alternator and hence "alternating current". DC electricity is generated from a generator that have permanent magnets or a set of field coil magnets energized by DC. A permanent magnet generator produces DC electricity as it is rotated and an alternator needs a DC voltage to start the charge after it is being rotated. An alternator has little drag or resistance to rotation before the DC electricity is used to energize the field coils. The permanent magnet generator is hard to rotate from the beginning of rotation of the armature shaft and has a constant drag. The frequency of the magnetic field collapsing after passing a coil in an AC system needs to be 60Hz, anything above damages the electrical system and anything below develops heat and low efficiency directly porportional to heat generated.
I can go on with the need to know issues regarding producing useable electrical energy but for now just realize one human cannot generate enough electricity in one day to simply light a household with LED lighting for one day. One human is only capable of producing .1 horsepower for a short period of time in one hour. The time something can operate at a specific rating and based by the hour is called a duty cycle. How long can this be operated each hour before it heats up and burns out, and it is calculated in a percentage. If my duty cycle is 50% this means I can run the device no longer than 30 minutes each hour, 30 minutes on and 30 minutes off. If a human can only produce .1 horsepower at a 30% duty cycle in a 8 hour period that means .1 horsepower for 2.4 hours so that is around and about 180 Watts. Something really serious needs to happen here if any of the feature claims set forth by the inventor are anticipated to happen based on facts an inventor needs to know before making the prototype. We are continuing the design phase of this invention on paper by drawing out each element of subject matter as it is anticipated by the inventor.
Now referring to FIG.13 and in specific 121. which is indicating the cylinder block arrangement as viewed in FIG.12- 108. Veiwed in FIG.13 is an open ended view of one cylinder block arrangement, hub, twin sheave, brake, fluid pumps/actuators, fluid lines, fluid cylinders and coils in the start up positions. In FIG.1 shows the embodiments of the invention in their basic forms and 2. in FIG.1 represents the twin sheave 128. & 129. in FIG.13. and 30. thru 40. of FIG.4 . As this cylinder block is rotated the fluid containers 123. & 124. are forced outward in direct relation to the speed in revolutions per minute (RPM) of the cylinder block arrangement. A rod 136. is forced into a bi directional actuator 127. which is filled with fluid and the rod replaces the volume of fluid within the actuator body with solid rod causing the fluid to be pushed outward and into tube 133. and continues a sealed conduit into a distributor valve/hub 120. and moves the center convex section 34.35.&36. of FIG.4. As the wheel comprising the cylinder blocks rotate each cylinder position can be manipulated through valving and supply the means to change sheave ratios relative the other rotating members of the invention. Essentially we have covered the hydrogen and oxygen production means with the coils and the fluid filled containers, we now have the means to gain RPM in the wheel for a more advantageous amplification of inertia potential of a wheel by the fluid activated twin sheave assembly and a means to manipulate cylinder positions in relation to the speed of the wheel. Those are the actual needed to know functions for the invention to have the ability to produce the feature claims as written in the inventors project notebook.
Producing hydrogen and oxygen from water is a well known process, generating electricity is a well known process so the concept is remaining solid and the only simple logic still remains unanswered at this point in our invention process. How much electricity production, hydrogen and oxygen under the currently well known processes net to an end user of the anticipated product more value than the work energy required to produce it. It is not logical under the current and previous prior art evaluated.
The novelty of the wheel balance is clear through the description based on the ability to adjust the distance from the ceter axis of rotation. This adjustment and control of cylinder positions allows the wheel to be started easier because the weight of fluid is at a less distance form the wheel center of rotation. As the wheel rotates faster the cylinders are centrifuged outward the center axis of rotation of the wheel displacing more weight farther outward gaining inertia over a wheel with a fixed weight that is stationary relative the center axis of rotation.
There seems to be 2 forms of inventive subject matter within the present invention as exampled. The fluid balanced wheel and the framework supporting the wheels or in short "the framework". The entire framework was viewed in FIG.11 for supporting the wheels of the present inventon. As it was designed the thoughts of ease of assembly, lowest cost to produce, longevity of the invention product and, the sizes of boxes that are the least cost to ship from the location of manufacture to the retailer.
Referring now to FIG.10 a subframe which is a quadrant of the main framework of the invention and includes 3 straight pieces of tubing 81. thru 83. There are no special bends and this is a simple and inexpensive to make relative any other framework we could have designed in the product. We will write patent claims on this framework and two sub frames adjoined end to end by threaded fastners and two plates 76. & 77. in the below FIG.9.
Even though there are many FIG(s). on the many elements of the invention the patent application drawings are introduced in a different order than the inventor has drawn the subject matter. The drawings exhibited at this time are only the relevant ones that example what an inventor or person designing a product does to save much time so the entire invention concept, drawings, notebook text, provisional patent writing, patent application and product takes less than 2 years to complete.
I realize this sounds like a long time but the paperwork including the patent drawings as well as the dimensional manufacturing drawings will take a year of your time. The product is the easy part to build from the recipe written in the manufacturing drawings, then comes follow up design. What is going to break after the product has been in use and repairing that and making improvements to ease of manufacturing cutting costs futher for the manufacturer. Count on a two year investment in time at a minimum and some costs associated with filing for a provisional and then later a follow up patent application after the product works and has been in usage for several months.
When drawing the invention and picking out the subject matter it is important for the inventor to write avout each piece of the subject matter and try to really understand what the inventive subject matter will be so the claims can be written on in the inventors project notebook. The claims that the inventor is making on his or her inventive subject matter is important to declare at this point and write each one down as the elements of that claim are drawn. Write them down in the inventors project notebook as they are contemplated. The claims written on for any particular inventon become the first needed text that will assist the inventor to write the provisional patent document. The drawings at this point are to contain all forms of subject matter comprising the invention.
Found within the paperback book written byJohn R. Flanaganand the titleHOW TO PREPARE PATENTAPPLICATIONShas the very best understandable description of what the claims are and how to draft them, I will quote directly from his text as to example the value of having his literature. He is the absolute best Patent Attorney money can't buy anymore, he is retired and I have never met any patent attorney that is more straight forward and knowledgable than he. Here is what John R. Flanagan has to say in his book re: the claims.
"The claims are the most important part of the application, in that, in any patent resulting from the application only the claims define the scope of the legal protection or rights the patent owner will have in the invention. The content of the rest of the application is not independent of, but is contingent upon, the content of the claims. This is so because under the patent law the rest of the application must support and be consistent with the claims. For instance, the drawings and detailed description must illustrate and describe every feature set forth in the claims. Thus, the decision as to what the content of the remaining parts of the application specification and drawings should be cannot be made logically before one knows what the content of the claims will be."
"Therefore, the claims, which define the invention, are drafted first so as to serve as a guide for determining the depth and breadth of the information which needs to be included in the rest of the application to support the claims. The claims offer guidance for deciding, on the one hand, what elements of the inventive subject matter are essential and should receive detailed attention in the detailed description of the specification and, on the other hand what elements are really secondary, extraneous, or not really essential and need to be discussed only briefly, if at all."
Right now for the reader I understand this is not easy to get right away, the text on the claims, it is difficult for me also and I have been writing these drafts since 1978, so don't try to figure this technical stuff out right now. Read it , think about it, then go on to the claims page. There will be many examples to, and references as we write the claims on the Manmotor.
I have pulled out some notes from my project notebook that are relevant to disclose at this point in the invention process. The drawings will take you there for patience, usually a minimum of 100 drawings have to be made for any particular invention. First of all if you don't have a drafting program with parametric features or actuall dimensioning capabilities this can be the most difficult time for the inventor. Drawing the patent subject matter drawings and then the inventive subject matter fragmentary drawings, and then corrections to dimensions so everything fit's together properly, and then the manufacturing drawings with detailed dimensions that need reviewed several times for corrections on tolerance computations. Needless to say this is a long effort taking up to two months to complete to the time the test can be drafted for the patent application specification.
Regarding the notes relevant from my project notebook for the Manmotor project.
Referring toFig.(s)1and14, the embodiments are drawn to example a machine of the present invention, the Manmotor. This machine is a compilation of eight forms of subject matter, any one of the art forms missing would prevent this machine from accomplishing what I am claiming in the broadest claim as to what the invention is. This invention is a machine to produce electrical energy, it is powered by a human being and it uses a kinetic energy recovery system, the kinetic energy is a result of a liquid balanced rotating wheel, the energy is recovered in bits through electromagnetic induction over an extended period of time.
Referring now toFig.(s)2-12-13and15, the embodiments are drafted to example the liquid balanced wheel of the present invention. This wheel develops momentum exponentially as it's rotational speed is increased to it's optimum ability to produce force and work.
Referring now toFig.(s)4-13part129.andFig. 15 part(s)153. 154. 155. 158. 159. 160. 161. 162. 163. 164.and165.embodies the viscous fluid (hydraulic) activated variable diameter twin sheave assembly. This twin sheave assembly is driven by human input translated through the drive belt and interfitting into the grove or gap between plates38.and36.and that placed into the gap between plates35.and31.is a driven belt to the load . These groves invert diameters under dynamic operation as the liquid balanced kinetic energy wheel increases or decreasesRPS.
Referring now toFig.(s)9-10- and11which embody the supporting structures of the present invention. These structures form the framework and mainframe to support the rotating wheels.
Referring now toFig.(s)7and8which example an embodiment of a linear actuator that has the ability to dampen movement of the machine of the present invention and cause fluid to move and be pumped into confinement.
Referring now toFig.(s)3and16which example an embodiment of the variable diameter sheaves of the present invention.
Article six of the subject matter is not shown on any of theFig.(s) that are available. This is the product Electrociser that at present is a seperate product and or invention that will be utilized within the present invention Manmotor. The Electrociser simply amplifies the weight of a human being through conventional leveraging and translates movement of an individual into rotationa.
Referring now toFig.17a block diagram of the electrical system used within the present invention to collect and direct the flow of electrons and produce work.
Referring now to Fig.18a block diagram of the load sensing hydraulic system of the present invention and used to govern rotational speeds of the liquid balanced kinetic energy wheel.
At the time I made those notes I had drawn around 52 drawings of different views of the subject matter contained in this Manmotor invention. I reviewed those as the inventor and removed many of them to come up with a set of drawings that would specifically example the subject matter and the inventive subject matter in a way that another individual not skilled in the art could compare together the invention claims in the broadest sense. The drawing phase is time consuming and I cannot stress the importance of investing in a 2D drafting program so you can make changes without having to redraw the entire picture. You will find the improtance of numbering your parts according to the order they need to be made in to complete the invention product. Each invention ends up having quite a few parts, some large, some medium, and alot of small stuff to assemble things. The drawings exampled are resulting from an Auto Cad program, 2 dimensional drawings are all that is required to example a visual embodiment of the invention and claimed subject matter comprising the invention for patenting purposes. This Manmotor project came from a thought that was first written on 10/16/2008 and the date the notes above were written show they were written 07/14/2009 so at this point with the drawings of subject matter and the research have taken up approximately 9 months from the onset. Nothing but creative paperwork has been generated for this Manmotor project to this point and the next step here will be to review our work to this point and begin to write the first draft for the provisional patent of this exampled invention.
The need to know is vast when it comes to completing an invention to it's tangible form. Writing about the invention and following the order of this inventive process will make the value of your invention increase and enhance the possibilities of your success with your project.