The design of an invention takes a form based on the individual subject matter identified in the broadest sketch of the invention. The subject matter of an invention is designed in an order and numbered accordingly identifying that the inventor knows what has to come first in producing the invention. In the example of the Manmotor invention and project there is subject matter identified within a broad sketch, and then itemeized in an order of introduction according to the patenting rules. This is not the order that information is disclosed or introduced in the patent application. The claims in a patent application are written on intorducing the framework directly as a means to detail an order of intorduction to others, so the following text examples both introduction methods at the same time so a more clear understanding of the two systems that need to be used in conjunction with one another. Two numbering methods assist the inventor to save time and produce a more evaluated out invention, I will example this in following text with examples.
In short I am trying to identify first what I as the inventor have calculated by imagination and experience as to what clearly needs to be completed first and systematically to the end resulting a product invention. In example FIG.1 you will note #11 the framework of the invention. Because the framework could not be designed prior to knowing the dimensional sizing of the subject matter disclosed it was the 11th drawing, and not the first as disclosed in the patent claim. I wanted to mix the two examples together for comparison purposes.
FIG.1 is a patent drawing that has been assembled from each form of subject matter found in the broadest sketch which was the first sketch needed to identify subject matter within the invention, this is how an advanced inventor needs to introduce the invention on the cover page of the patent application itself.
FIG. 1 was the last drawing made and each individual drawing of subject matter in scale was assembled for the first figure in the patent drawings, it is called an embodyment of the invention. The first form of subject matter introduced in the patent claims or others would be the base framework holding all the subject matter to form the invention in whole. The first subject matter that the inventor disclosed and had been drawn in the Manmotor invention FIG.2 was the drive/driven wheel. A base frame could not be designed by the inventor until all other subject matter had been designed, drawn to scale and placed into the first patent application drawing FIG. 1. Without the composite wheel of FIG.2 designed, nothing else could be drawn, no need for any other wheels and no framework needed. I want to introduce the invention however in a manner that the patent office needs the subject matter to be intorduced, and in a way others reading can understand the invention better. This is a more understanding way to introduce the invention and has nothing to do with the order of importance to the inventor for drawing from the most important to the least inportant subject matter comprising the invention.
An example for introducing subject matter as required in a patent claim and in specific the broadest claim fot the Manamotor reads at this point in the invention process:
Broadest Claim ( preliminary )
Apparatus machine, rotating wheel, kinetic, inertia momentum. Including method and apparatus to accumulate and store electrical energy. Powered by a human being.
I claim :
1. A human powered motor, comprising : (a) a mainframe structure ; (b) a pimary wheel supported by said mainframe structure ; (c) two subframe structures ; (d) two secondary wheels supported respectively by two said subframe structures ; (e) a drive wheel ; and (f) a load wheel .
When I as the inventor began to draw the invention it was already in my mind as to what needed to be drawn first, and based on my own opinion as a sequence to manufature the product invention. How could I possibly design a framework when nothing else was drawn to size the product.
The stopping point to many inventions is the inventors ability to draw scaled and detailed pictures. When your serious enough as an inventor to spend the time and effort to research a product for possible improvements for a newer version of a product in a classification, the detailed patent drawings on the subject matter are drawn from anticipation and is a design process at this point.
There should be no actual making the device at this point in the invention process unless it's a hit and mis type of invention process. This is not an option for the independent inventor working at making a profession out of the inventing process and is critical to size your invention based on the claims you are making for the product.
"To be a success with inventing you must be an expert in your field of invention to make progress or advancements over prior art." In finality of the invention process that becomes a necessary fact, you must invent in the field of your work and experties to make advancements over someone elses product that has been manufactured and doing the work intended for decades prior to you entering into the invention process for a product.
The last elements designed and drawn for the Manmotor project invention was the framework to hold the other subject matter in place as things were operating as anticipated by the inventor. Since the framework needs to be introduced directly in the broadest claim prior to indirectly referring to it the first example introduces it as inventive subject matter. When designing product the concerns are manufacturing processes required, the least amount of times raw material is handeled in the manufacturing process the less it costs to produce. That is the ultimate goal in this process of subject matter design. The least possible costs, the least possible effort to deliver and set up, the least costs in packaging, the least costs in the shipping, it's cost driven from this point on in the inventions subject matter designs.
FIG.11 is an elevational side view of one side of the present invention framework exhibited in FIG.1 as inventive subject matter #11 and (a) as the subparagraph of the preliminary broadest claim 1. This becomes inventive subject matter because claims will be drafted regarding the three parts comprising the framework and how they are attached together. The framework is designed to claim mirrored symmetry. This makes the frame at minimum less work and cost to produce in the manufacturing process than others will need to spend to make a framework for their own invention generator system falling within the same classification as our new invention. Referring to FIG. 11 all wheels and component apparatus has been removed from FIG.1 and existing there is a framework to support the components and wheels of the present invention.
FIG.2 is an elevational side view of the primary wheel #2 as viewed in the FIG.1 #2. I am using the numbering system and consistency in the numbering of elements in sequence with the drawing numbers. Using this method of numbering saves much time and confusion when writing the detailed description of the invention in the patent application specification. Part or element numbers need to coinside through the entire set of drawing embodyments and through the design phase for the invention. This wheel was the first form of subject matter of concern, the drawings are scaled meaning the sizes of elements are in a porportional relationship with one another. It is not necessary to draw in scale but this saves much time in the inventing process.
This is the point in the invention process where designing begins, the invention itself has been thought out as many times as it took to come up with the broadest sketch. An invention needs to be designed, trial and error are very time consuming and expensive for the invention process. At minimum the invention prototype should not be started at this time, it is time to do the preliminary drawings that map out a sequence and methodology to make the first one or the prototype of the invention. The next step now in the inventing process is to make the recipe to produce the prototype of the invention to come. Re read your inventors project notebook again and again to make text regarding what you anticipate your invention to become, assemble the broadest claim and draw each element in the approximate size anticipated. If the invention is to large to draw on the paper simply use a scaling ratio to convert the elements to fit within a page.
Remember that the drawings will begin with FIG.2 at this stage, the broadest sketch will be used and numbered as to what the inventor feels is the most important subject matter until the subject matter needing a structure to be mounted upon is completed and then the elements assemble to be the first drawing to introduce the subject matter in it's broadest description.
Also remember that to introduce an invention you must recite directly from the FIG.1 embodyment of the invention in whole and introduce the invention first at a broad and basic level for the reader to understand and grasp the invention patent, enabling that person to make a replica invention perform as the claims are written on.
Regarding the name of the project we began, it was named Manmotor, the first name made up for the name of the product or invention was to be the Electrociser. You can make up any name you want for the product but I have deviated by calling the invention Manmotor, I like it better but the point is that things change and you may change your product name as many times as you want. The important point is that you need to name both the project and the outcome invention, this is important for the mind to connect the names with the product and project and will produce a flow of new information regarding the invention itself. The sizing of the entire invention is also very important to complete at this time before going on to draw subject matter comprising the anticipated invention.
The claims that are written into a patent need to be written by a reputable patent attorney, they are very technical and hold the entire value of the issued patent within them. The claims the inventor is making now by the broadest to the narrowest are simply a baseline for the patent attorney you choose to use when drafting the patent claims. An inventor must establish a firm set of claims before entering into the design phase of the invention process and write those down in an outlined form for reference when drafting the drawings.
Patent drawings used to cost around $275 - 400 each. It is worth invensting in a 2D program for patent drawings that have the ability of scaling and drawing. Important is that patent drawings are 2D and only example embodyments of the invention, they are not detailed manufacturing drawings and they are used in support of the specification and claims for example purposes. The entire goal is to allow others to reproduce the invention and get the same results in the claims. The claims each cost a certain amount when filing the patent so be ready to spend around 500 to 600 bucks to write each claim. You can see that filing for a US patent can cost anywhere from $400 dollars for a design patent which covers the artistic design of the product invention or a utility or service patent covering the mechanical workings and how the product accomplishes the claims costing anywhere from 5k to 20k by the time the patent attorney is finished with the application. Please note that the pricing can be higher, since this text is from experience the prices you get from your patent attorney may be higher.
That takes a minimum of a couple years for the utility patent application process and the cost out of pocket could be paid for within the first month of sales of the invention. It's really not that much to spend compared to the payoff you could possibly recieve if your invention is designed well and reduced to practice.
A note for the drawings exhibited, the number associated with the parts connect the number and the part with curved lines. This is necessary because using straight lines to connect components and parts to numbers makes it extremely difficult to distinguish the connecting lines with the manufactured parts. This method of drawing has been accepted for many years in the patent field. These are not manufacturing drawings and it is best not to make them in 3D.
Your Product Value
The product value breaks down to simply how much are my manufacturing costs per unit, and including costs advertising, packaging, delivery, all costs. How much at a wholesale price can I get easily for the product? Keep in mind most all manufacturers have gone by the 1/3rd ratio. If they spend 10 dollars in manufacturing costs they need to get back 30 dollars to make any money profit and that is what makes the design process so important, cutting costs to manufacture. The seller to the end user must also make money and sell it easy so if they spend 30 dollars on consignment or directly purchasing the wholesale invention from the manufacturer to keep selling the product they are going to ask 50 to 70 dollars each for the product. That alone can stop sales, no profit and hard to sell so design now becomes key to making your product a success.
We had evaluated our product would sell fairly good at $3,750.00 for the retail value if everything works as anticipated. Wholesale value for good sales and promotion would be around $1,800.00 so the manufacturer will not want to spend more than $600.00 in manufacturing and packaging costs per unit. So the design now becomes the most important feature, the final price actually sets the design sizing. The more parts and pieces the larger it becomes, as the invention becomes larger so do the manufacturing and shipping costs. Our design process is going to be dictated by this final targeted price for manufacturing. There is a high limit on pricing your invention, once you exceed the limit your product will become hard to sell and that is precisely the point here, to sell the product easily will enhance your rewards as the inventor.
For example we needed a wheel that could be used to gain inetia as it was rotated faster. This was the basic wheel needed as anticipated and needed to be designed first. If someone has experience at building wheels they know for sure the larger they are the more expensive they get. A large wheel usually takes large equipment to build and can be heavy and bulky to ship. We needed a wheel with at least 200 lbs. weight and at the least amount of costs to manufacture and ship. We used our design experience and designed a composite wheel easy to manufacture and at less cost than the conventonal methods to manufacture a wheel. Also the framework that all the elements are mounted upon is made less expensive than any other type of framework. The more bends in metal the more the production costs. The equipment to manufacture a product from the independent inventor needs to be conventional and for example a wheel needing to be casted versus a composite wheel that is assembled.
The design phase in the invention process is the fun hands on work. Many inventors just start making their work on their inventions at the onset of the idea and then try to make something work and that takes much time and money, tial and error. My approach is from experience at working with mechanical items. When you need inertia you need rotating mass or reciprocating weight and a means to make motion. In our new exampled invention of Manmotor we know that a human being can possibly make up to .1 horsepower from effort and that production of that power from the human is not continous. Making electricity and useable electrical power is a constant formula, it takes 1 horsepower to produce 746 watts there and about. One tenth of that or .1 Hp will develop 74.6 watts so the human is going to be lucky to just light up the house and no one is going to work for light anymore. Now there are several aproaches to this problem here, one is gather hundreds of people all producing energy on one generator system, another is to use the weight of an individual and amplify that through leveraged apparatus and using the amplified weight moving to enhance one humans potential to generate electricity and produce hydrogen and oxygen gas.
So now in this exampled project of Manmotor we need to contemplate an audience to design an appropriate device to accomodate that group targeted. Logically we should design and develop a huge motor capable of housing 1000 humans and using their working energy to develop electrical energy and gas. That was the original concept anyway however one needs to prove a concept and develop a stand alone working prototype to prove a concept that is simply a statistical constant. Questioning if one person can produce .1 horsepower useable energy for 45 minutes out of every hour and for a 4 hour stretch at once then a potential optimum and a lower minimum of product produced can be calculated and wokred upon in specific to horsepower in and useable product out.
We have chosen a unique product here though, no one will use one or make electricity unless there is no other choice to make it or have it. The food needs stored and preservatives are not so good for your health as I understand, so this product of Manmotor will only be used when it is needed. When all else fails, no fuel, no electricity and so on you can count on humans being available to produce electricity to keep the food preserved and preventing starvation for themselves. I love inventing this type of product because it is interesting and does not rely on available electricity or fossil fuel to operate making it a more versatile product. Something you can count on getting you through by effort from others, that is a solid concept.
We have already decided to make one proof of concept based on using the moving weight of an individual and amplifying that into more potential power using a weighted wheel and rotating it. A small proof of concept product that costs us no more than the targeted retail value we have calculated and written on in the inventors project notebook that will easily sell to the end user and at a fair value to purchase. The only way we can end up with that type of product is if we can make the parts ourselves. The design at this point is imperative to be based on experiences. These experiences are using metal, joining, cutting, and all aspects of working with it. If your invention uses cloth then your experiences with cloth become a valuable source of ways to accomplish your anticipated goal.
The more experiences with the material your invention is mostly constructed of will enhance your probabilities of success in this product you are inventing. Also how to work with the material and in my case with the metal, milling, drilling,and machine processes that are used in a manufacturing company the process is understood enough that allows me to step through making each piece or element of the invention as I draw it on the paper. It becomes a no brainer to know that the more weight in a product made of a material like metal, the more it will cost. At this step in the invention process, the design will encorporate electrical and electronic control and monitoring storage of electricity, hydraulically controlled transmission ratios and variable diameter sheaves.
Do not attempt to design those yet but we need to understand how electricity is made. A magnet passed quickly by a coil of copper wire produces an electrical spark. This spark has an electrical charge which the polarity either positive or negative (North or South) is determined by the polarity or pole of the magnet passing the coil. In other words a North magnetic face field passed quickly by a coil of copper wire would produce a positive electrical polarity, and a South magnetic face field produces a negative electrical charge. So AC (alternating current) is produced by alternating the face fields of the magnet as they are passed by one coil of copper wire.
The reason we are now needing this information is to understand the mechanics and how to make these electrical sparks. With these electrical sparks we can then disassociate water or H2O into the elements it is comprised of, oxygen and hydrogen. Also we can oscillate the North and South fields of the permanent magnet or electrically produce it further producing high voltage ac sparks of alternating electrical polarity. Further reducing that by an inversion or a diode gate polarizing the electricity now into a positive and negative DC (Direct Current) phase, which can now be stored in a battery.
The point being that: certain mechanical operations need to be addressed, and 1) is how do we increase the potential of a human being and somehow make electricity into elements that can be used as a product. We need inertia, and a wheel is the easiest and most accepted method of gaining weight advantage through a rotatioal weight and commonly known as a flywheel.
2) is how do we make it worth the effort to power the Manmotor? Useable product.
These two basic design parameters of this invention are contemplated and one is simply treddles that extend the weight of a human and rotating weight in the form of a wheel. The design needs to also consider bulkiness and expensive to ship.