A reader probably never thought of the Manmotor and Fluid heater as inventions intended to be used as primary elements of another invention, the Universal Reactor our example 3 and that invention intended to produce heat energy and using no fossil fuels to burn. According to mainstream science this would be a disruptive technology if someone had a theory on how the cold fusion method works. I mean a repeatable recipe to make the fusion happen at room temperatures and not just an imaginative assumption of the method.
There are many theories by many reputable physicists but none is proven to date to be the correct theory to make this cold fusion calimed method work. This next example 3 the Universal Reactor I termed "far fetched" due to the elements were all designed from experience and comparing most all methods to claims that have been anounced and claimed by the scientists making the observations of what they claim as cold fusion and seems to be the Holy Grail of inventions today.
My design is totally from a mechanical perspective and I went into the design phase in total acceptance of the combined claimed facts contended by the scientists, physicists, and backyard experimentors that have claimed that their method did make a reaction happen and develop excess heat.
I want to example to the reader how inventions become the paperwork written on them, and to create or invent is a process of creative writing. The bottom line to inventions, methods, or articles of manufacture is the paperwork and as well the top line for the recipe to make the invention in a systematic logical way.
Learning = Non Biased Observation , Establishing FactualInformation.
LENR came to the intranet and was publicly exposed as a new science producing clean green energy using fuel from nickel metal and hydrogen gas. This was in early 2011 and the calimants of the science discovery had filed for patents in their respective countries almost three years earlier.
The situation regarding patents is that a patent can be issued to an individual, the inventor and most of the time today the patent is issued based on the paperwork only and does not require an inventor to build a device prior to patenting it. So in fact the inventor can receive a patent on an invention that has not yet been manufactured or proven to work. The patent is simply a recipe to re construct a device and not a gaurantee the invention is actually functional. The issued patent is simply a title to ownership of an invention, like a device and has to be beneficial to humanity in some way as the primary requirement to receive a title of ownership for the paperwork of the invention.
In terms of reality the patent issued to an individual is subject to many changes for the improvements of a performance feature or an additional new feature and most likely a reduction to practice is ongoing and a really profitable issue that relates to patent protectability.
That said relates to the claimants of the LENR technology, no patents have been issued in the USA as of todays date January 16, 2013 to anyone with a working LENR device nonwithstanding the lack of usefullness or the reduction to practice. After the concept and infomation of LENR had been disclosed a number of times publicly it was obvious this new science would revolve around some old claims, theories, and science technologies.
LENR based claims to date have made certain issues evident and they are a need for a hollow cavity within a metal matrix of nickel on a scale that is very tiny, it is not known the parameters of these hollow areas within the metal nickel structure. The next claim issue is the usage of hydrogen gas inside a sealed container, although also very tiny, kind of dangerous to work with hydrogen gas and the fact it needs to be inside a presurized container makes it that much more uncomfortable to be around. Claims of heating the pressurized chamber of hydrogen gas and nickle nano powder also have a source of high electrical discharge also within the sealed pressurized chamber. No disclosures of how to make that all come about and work together to form commonly used electrical energy that is useful has emerged since the onset of the claims in early 2011 for LENR.
Based on my past mechanical experiences and physical experiences I have become very interested in making LENR useful for others as a product. Several in depth physical issues as well as non disclosed issues that seem magical to physicists at present day become a strong driving force to experiment and experience the motivation and rewards of developing a new product helpful to many individuals and in light of the dramatic impact on others currently not having access to world knowledge.
Physical properties included in the LENR science.
Lenr is based first and primarily on electrical energy input. It is contemplated and claimed that the usage is to be for the common household and it's electrical energy requirements. It is logically contemplated that a battery providing dc electrical current be used to start the LENR process, like the battery in your car to start the engine producing power from the burning of fuel. It does not seem logical at this point to plug your car into an electrical outlet with several connections for ac electrical current and a long set of large wires just to start your car that is a mobile piece of equipment. Just as the claims of LENR products being produced are for the people to use in an individual household setting. The chief research scientist forNASA(Zawodny)also claims individual household energy to be a goal for LENR. So it is clear that if a device is to be used as a back up energy or a primary energy supply for the household electrical current demands, then why would you want to rely on the grid of ac current to supply a startup method for a household device using LENR technology when the purpose is to use it when the ac grid electricity is not available?
That said and taken into consideration regarding the startup current for LENR and to sustain a reaction to produce thermal heat, it should be obvious we need to start the reactions of LENR with a mobile dc power battery for realistic human benefit, over what is now available with the grid electrical power.
The observation at this point with the LENR claims is leaning towards unkown collisions of sub atomic properties and heading more for a zero point energy definition in fact. What it is called does not matter, how it applies to zero point energy is that a LENR device will have no apparently mechanical moving parts with the exception of a primary driver or engine to genterate the original input electrical power required to start the device producing useable electrical power. LENR is attempting to disclose the method for receiving more electrical energy output than the original startup input energy (COP 1+).
So LENR based collisions could be considered random at best or perhaps in physics defined as a virtual possibility. Hence and subsequent this virtual possibility that manifests into a collision and produces a thermal observation we are coining a Virtual Particle Probability Fluctuation (VPPF) as to better understand and observe the LENR process and to clearly define what actually is going on in this process. Many have already tried and worked in this science and have spent years and quite alot of moneys to figure this out. What is important is that we question and go forward in observations geared to uncover truth and specifics held tightly in reality but vague and deceptive in explanations by past scientists and physicists that are not allowed to completelty and truthfully release infomation regarding these types of technologies that have been termed electricity, magnetism, and gravity. The reason for this is because "we do not need to know" as individuals that simply want to learn and survive in this environment of technology. Also a common household owner most likely does not want to know any of the workings inside the Universal LENR Reactor, simply turn the key on and get lights and cooking for a fraction of the cost it is now and perhaps 10 times less in cost outlay. The reactor could also be started and continue to work from PV panels on your roof.
Electrical Spark to Magnetic Energy to Gravity, the Trio of Life.
Is there any more than these three building blocks of nature? First off the LENR based fluctuations are magnetically driven, magnetism and the areas they encompass are called the magnetic domain fields. Magnetic domain fields can not exist without first the electrical spark. The electrical spark or impulse is evident in nature in various forms, biological and artificially produced. The following file production is simply a collection of the scientists and physicists that observed the existance of charged particles and developed formulas used today for calculating energy possibilities to expect to liberate from the named particle.
The below text is a small introduction for a basic understanding of the principles behind the LENR science that have been written in historical documents.
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1918 Max Planck About Max Planck Max Planck Formulates Quantum Theory (1900): For several decades, physicists had been trying to understand the surprising results they continued to get from heating black bodies (a surface that absorbs all frequencies of light that hits it). Try as they might, scientists could not explain the results using classical physics. In 1900, German theoretical physicist Max Planck (1858-1947) discovered an equation that explained the results of these tests. The equation is E=Nhf, with E=energy, N=integer, h=constant, f=frequency. In determining this equation, Planck came up with the constant (h), which is now known as "Planck's constant." The really amazing part of Planck's discovery was that energy, which appears to be emitted in wavelengths, is actually discharged in small packets (quanta). This new theory of energy revolutionized physics and opened the way for Albert Einstein's theory of relativity. Here are some additional comments that seemed important to me about Max Planck, problems of radiation processes engaged his attention and he showed that these were to be considered as electromagnetic in nature. From these studies he was led to the problem of the distribution of energy in the spectrum of full radiation. Planck was able to deduce the relationship between the energy and the frequency of radiation. In a paper published in 1900, he announced his derivation of the relationship: this was based on the revolutionary idea that the energy emitted by a resonator could only take on discrete values or quanta. The energy for a resonator of frequency v is hv where h is a universal constant, now called Planck's constant. Here is an article on quantum energy explaining the Planck constant. This definition of Radiation is from Wikipedia. Important from that article and how it stands out is that it explains radiation as a wave, the scientists all mention waves, frequencies and other in their work. What has been out of the text is exactly how and what forms that wave they are all dissecting to result their formulas on what they have deduced mathematically as fact or high probability in their work as the correct assumption. They simply went from what was observed and reduced it into a very small particle that was termed quanta.
For any type of wave to become observable first there must be an oscillation of some type that starts or creates the "wave" as it has been termed for the lack of a better word to reference that others can grasp some type of visionary object to refer to. This is illusionary at best and has stood in text since early 1900.
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1922 Niels Bohr About Niels Bohr When you read about Niels Bohr you see a model of an atom and also pictures, these are built on principles after the observation of electrical energy were taken to a scale others could not see clearly. That scale is interpretation at best and at the time this was published it pushed science into an area that unless you could calculate the math for this atom model the observations of macro objects were less likely to be accepted by other scientists from your viewpoint. In 1913 one of Rutherford's students, Niels Bohr, proposed a model for the hydrogen atom that was consistent with Rutherford's model and yet also explained the spectrum of the hydrogen atom. The Bohr model was based on the following assumptions. 1. The electron in a hydrogen atom travels around the nucleus in a circular orbit. 2. The energy of the electron in an orbit is proportional to its distance from the nucleus. The further the electron is from the nucleus, the more energy it has. 3. Only a limited number of orbits with certain energies are allowed. In other words, the orbits are quantized. 4. The only orbits that are allowed are those for which the angular momentum of the electron is an integral multiple of Planck's constant divided by 2.
5. Light is absorbed when an electron jumps to a higher energy orbit and emitted when an electron falls into a lower energy orbit. 6. The energy of the light emitted or absorbed is exactly equal to the difference between the energies of the orbits. Some of the key elements of this hypothesis are illustrated in below. Three points deserve particular attention. First, Bohr recognized that his first assumption violates the principles of classical mechanics. But he knew that it was impossible to explain the spectrum of the hydrogen atom within the limits of classical physics. He was therefore willing to assume that one or more of the principles from classical physics might not be valid on the atomic scale.
According to the Bohr model, hydrogen atoms absorb light when an electron is excited from a low-energy orbit (such as n = 1) into a higher energy orbit (n = 3). Atoms that have been excited by an electric discharge can give off light when an electron drops from a high-energy orbit (such as n = 6) into a lower energy orbit (such as n = 1). the energy of the photon absorbed or emitted when the electron moves from one orbit to another is equal to the difference between the energies of the orbits. Second, he assumed there are only a limited number of orbits in which the electron can reside. He based this assumption on the fact that there are only a limited number of lines in the spectrum of the hydrogen atom and his belief that these lines were the result of light being emitted or absorbed as an electron moved from one orbit to another in the atom. Finally, Bohr restricted the number of orbits on the hydrogen atom by limiting the allowed values of the angular momentum of the electron. Any object moving along a straight line has a momentum equal to the product of its mass (m) times the velocity (v) with which it moves. An object moving in a circular orbit has an angular momentum equal to its mass (m) times the velocity (v) times the radius of the orbit (r). Bohr assumed that the angular momentum of the electron can take on only certain values, equal to an integer times Planck's constant divided by 2. mvr = n h (where n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, . . .) 2 Bohr then used classical physics to show that the energy of an electron in any one of these orbits is inversely proportional to the square of the integer n. The difference between the energies of any two orbits is therefore given by the following equation.
E = RH 1 - 1 n12 n22 In this equation, n1 and n2 are both integers and RH is the proportionality constant New Section 1 Page 3 In this equation, n1 and n2 are both integers and RH is the proportionality constant known as the Rydberg constant. Planck's equation states that the energy of a photon is proportional to its frequency. E = h Substituting the relationship between the frequency, wavelength, and the speed of light into this equation suggests that the energy of a photon is inversely proportional to its wavelength. The inverse of the wavelength of electromagnetic radiation is therefore directly proportional to the energy of this radiation. By properly defining the units of the constant, RH, Bohr was able to show that the wavelengths of the light given off or absorbed by a hydrogen atom should be given by the following equation. 1 = RH 1 - 1 n12 n22.
Bohr was able to show that the wave-lengths in the UV spectrum of hydrogen discovered by Lyman correspond to transitions from one of the higher energy orbits into the n = 1 orbit. The wavelengths in the visible spectrum of hydrogen analyzed by Balmer are the result of transitions from one of the higher energy orbits into the n = 2 orbit. The Paschen, Brackett, and P fund series of lines in the infrared spectrum of hydrogen result from electrons dropping into the n = 3, n = 4, and n = 5 orbits, respectively. The Bohr model did an excellent job of explaining the spectrum of a hydrogen atom. By incorporating a Z2 term into the equation, which adjusted for the increase in the attraction between an electron and the nucleus of the atom as the atomic number increased, it could even explain the spectra of ions that contain one electron, such as the He+, Li2+, and Be3+ ions. Nothing could be done, however, to make this model fit the spectra of atoms with more than one electron. The Bohr model left two important questions unanswered. Why are there only a limited number of orbits in which the electron can reside in a hydrogen atom? And, why can't this model be extended to many-electron atoms? NOTE: By this model and statement it seems logical at this point that to liberate all electrons from the outer electron orbital belts one would simply need to unbalance the nucleus of the atom and the electrons would fly off easily.
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1932 Werner Heisenberg About Werner Heisenberg 1. The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Heisenberg's uncertainty principle states that we cannot know both the position and momentum of a particle. If we know the momentum then we do not know the position, and visa versa, if we know the position then we do not know the momentum. This discovery has had profound consequences for the evolution of physics as it supported the emerging postmodern philosophical view that all knowledge was uncertain (which is not correct). Werner Heisenberg discovered his famous Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle in March 1926, working with his matrix mechanics (1925). This was at the same time that Schrodinger independently discovered his wave equations. In May 1926 Schrodinger showed that his wave mechanics was mathematically equivalent to Heisenberg's matrix mechanics. And as history shows, Schrodinger's wave equations proved to be most useful and now dominate the foundations of quantum physics. The importance of this is that Schrodinger was convinced the waves were real and detested Born's probability wave interpretation (1928) which also became universally accepted because it is mathematically true.
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1933 Erwin Schrödinger, Paul A.M. Dirac About Erwin Schrodinger We must not wait for things to come, believing that they are decided by irrescindable destiny. If we want it, we must do something about it. (Erwin Schrodinger) Schrodinger has the cat theory and also his formulas are based on differentials. NOTE: This question keeps arising and I will need more research on this topic to clearly understand why these small "particles" are so much of a big interest to just a regular person wanting to get by in their life and have a happy productive life when in the end of their life can look back and say I did what I wanted and thought was right, and I am really happy I had this great time on the earth to enjoy.
I don't want to get personal on belief systems but it seems at this point with all the math and particle equations emerging in physics at this time in history (early 1900's) that the goal was most likely driven by trying to understand creation but making mathematical calculations come up as to magically explain how things actually operate in a scale most regular people are asking themselves why are they spending so much time figuring out the momentum of particles so small no one will ever be able to see and much less figure out what they are made up of, simply a guessing game is the reality of it. Makes people that have allot of money happy to pay someone dabbling in the science of creation in the event something new develops from it. To this day it is still a matter of the wealthy that seek to know the underlying building blocks of creation. If the text on these pages does not relay the fact we were created in origin as a human and natural life form environment working in synchronicity with all other mass in creation, then I can say no more for illustrating the point. The Nobel Prize in Physics 1954 Max Born, Walther Bothe About Max Born Physicist Max Born is best known for his statistical analysis of how subatomic particles behave. His studies of the wave function led to a reassessment of the original quantum theory, replacing the explanation of electrons as particles with a more accurate mathematical and statistical interpretation of the observed behavior of electrons. His work added to the scientific understanding of the inherently probabilistic nature of the basic laws of quantum mechanics, and earned the highest honor in science, the Nobel Prize for Physics, in 1954.
The Bohr Model shows the three basic subatomic particles in a simple manner. Most of an atom's mass is in the nucleus, a small dense area at the center of every atom formed by nucleons. Nucleons are protons and neutrons. All of the positivity of an atom is contained in the nucleus, because the protons have a positive charge. Neutrons are neutral, meaning they have no charge. Electrons, which have a negative charge, are located outside of the nucleus.
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1965 Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, Richard P. Feynman About Richard Feynman This short You Tube Video is where your LENR interests should be targeted. Quotes by Richard Feynman The Nobel Prize in Physics 1973 Leo Esaki, Ivar Giaever, Brian D. Josephson About Brian D. Josephson Macroscopic quantum phenomena. Robert Clark Physics Professor at The Citadel Terahertz radiation researcher The physicists mentioned above are huge contributors to the information needed to understand prior to the LENR experimenting research with the Universal Reactor LENR. Combined theories have given sufficient information from the past and as well as the Windom Larson theory that NASA is exploring for the LENR based science for space propulsion.
After digesting the past physicists solutions and formulas for the quantum energy world, we know primarily where and how this type of research information has been directed toward and it has most likely done real good for people somewhere but I cannot find those intranet sites. We do know however from researching Feynman where it ended up for usages. The real and exact information these scientists held from their research is held tightly and confined for future advancements of their work in the past. The average person experimenting and trying to figure out LENR should also contemplate information passed to them from funnel groups. These funnel groups are from various scientific and other backgrounds that at all costs and expenses prohibit and restrict factual data and construct red herrings for us "regular folk" to digest and work through. We are following through in the development of factual understandings and details that will allow the common experimenter or interested person to finally understand what this quantum measurement and it's predictions are all about.
NO QUESTIONING THE TECHNOLOGY!
My entire involvement on this project and getting involved with several others (4) attempting to promote LENR technology, has been seeded by simply the desire to first communicate knowledge to the interested individuals that want to make an invention but have not got the experience yet to develop it into an income for themselves and also to exhibit how important a patent is to obtain.
Secondly for my continued involvement was more directed to show others how important a patent application is, and that no matter how valuable the art may seem to be, all boils down to your paperwork and tracking and that's what makes the difference between an inventor and someone with a good product idea.
Inventors design and publish information like this simply to allow others that are interested to try out the design or to improve on it. The Patent Application is an agreement that allows every individual that want's to use the device to read the detailed instructions on how to make one and the best way to use the device invention. What a person should not do is to copy and manufacture and offer for sale the exact same device as specified in the Specifications of the Patent Application.
Also there is a need to communicate that an inventor intends to apply for a U.S. patent and if his design is accepted by someone wanting to experiment with LENR technology or simply making a thermodynamic's learning tool, then the individuals know for sure there may be a patent issued at some point and the risk of manufacturing and offering for sale a product the general public has been informed that a U.S. Patent will be applied for allows the inventor to collect trebile damages in a patent infringement suit because technically it becomes a "willful and malicious" suit and then the inventor usually names a figure based on punative damages also, naming a price in federal court only "if" the patent issues on all of the claims applied for. So feel free to disect and comment, also for those individuals building LENR devices today evaluate the design.
The critically important part for me to invent and design within the scope of this artform LENR the last eight months, is to promote my creativity in design for the mechanical section of the technology LENR. I had to remove any doubt at all that the technology would be made to work in the future, and the non obviousness of the design would be that; it could be used effectively with or without the LENR fuel. Thus I am not wasting any time or energy on something not useful to exhibit to others.
BASIC ELEMENTS TO EXPERIMENT WITH THE LENR TECHNOLOGY.
Subsequent a year and a half of information and comparing the patents issued to several different individuals working in this field and one another, it is surely evident several basic components need to be designed into this Universal LENR Reactor.
Nonwithstanding the fact of the variables in the fuel types possible to attain a LENR reaction it is well documented that solid wire or solid nickel particles are used as well as nano particles in a powder form. Deuterium (liquid) is a choice of Storms due to the other possibility of light hydrogen which will produce unhealthy effects however in the experimentation process one needs to fully explore using hydrogen gas compressed or also in a solid powder form. There is a high energy static electrical discharge as well as a heating element for the hydrogen gas which is common amoung claimants that are developing the technology LENR. A method of pressurizing a chamber also needs to be incorporated as well as all the sensor inputs that provide data that modulates output currents, and voltages to the reactor control mechanisms.
This particular design of a LENR experimenter reactor encorporates apparatus to accomodate the previously written observed needs to perform a LENR experiment.